Harari believed that at first, family and local communities were the driving force behind a person’s life and that is who they were taken care of by. If someone fell ill, the family would take care of them. If someone’s house burned to the ground, his neighbors would come together to build him a new one. It is instances like this that Harari uses to lead into his next point; which is how the state and market approached society and offered much better benefits than simply what a family could provide, (Harari 359). He talks about how when modern society came to be, so did all of these never before seen benefits. Things like bank loans, social security, welfare, and public services such as police and fire fighters, (Harari). This shift in the way society functioned changed almost over night and it quickly became the center of almost everyone’s life.
I believe that as historians, it is always important to understand and study the past, but it is also equally important to have an idea of where that history is taking us. History is incredibly important and without it, we would have no clue where we came from and why the world is the way it is today. History defines who we are as people and can also provide a unique perspective on contemporary issues we face. Studying the past of Homo Sapiens is arguably one of the most important topics in the field as that is where we came from. We came from them but we need to also know why we’re still around and other groups aren’t, which could tell us where we may end up in the near future.