State and market started to become the main aspect of human culture when the industrial revolution began. According to Harari, we started to evolve into the culture that focused on state in market once we started to advance with our technology and people started to individually care for ourselves. Mankind went from a Family and Community type of mindset to caring for ourselves as individuals. Once the industrial revolution began, it “gave the market immense new powers, provided by the state with new means of communication and transportation” This gave the state power over workers. With the new focus on market and state, it weakened the traditional bonds between family and community. The market provided the means to support people as individuals and encouraged people to marry whoever you want, or move where ever you desire. People started to work whatever job they pleased and doing things their own way because the state and market provided mankind shelter, food, education, health, welfare and employment. The state was able to ensure protection amongst individuals, which broke the family and community culture.
Historians play a huge role when it comes to considering the future. Historians are the ones who can warn us about the past and show us when we are following patterns of destruction or show us patterns of success. The last few chapters of the reading discussed the advancements we are making with technology and how it can benefit it and both lead us to the end our the Sapiens. Historians are able to tell us how Sapiens became the superior species that took over the globe, and it can be warning that our advancement in technology is destroying our means for happiness. Harari says “ History has still not decided where we will end up, and a string of coincidences might yet send us rolling in either directions”. Meaning that we can only use history as a warning not to push technology passed a certain limit.