In “Between the Heavens and the Earth” it talked about how Thomas Edison’s invention of the light bulb was instrumental in the technologies that improved the way underground mining was allowed to occur. With the invention of the light bulb, Edison also revealed the need for copper and all of its alloys, since it was believed that copper was going to be the new efficient energy source for all. Now that the demand for more copper was ignited, miners had to begin to dig deep mines to get all of the copper that they could, with the help of the light bulb.
I believe that a majority of the negative aspects of before during and after mining all stem from the waste disposal of the chemicals waste that is dug up from extensive mining, there has been no regulation in the past on the disposal of the waste, so it has been allowed to runoff into the water supplies nearby and contaminate the Ph levels drastically. This contamination throws the whole ecosystem surrounding the water and mines into disarray. A way to help control and eliminate this problem from zombie mines and any future or current mines in operation, would be to set up a proper disposal system. Some way for when the waste is dug up to immediately be stored in a safe and contained area where it will not get out and contaminate the wildlife any further than it already has. This is if we as a society does not switch over to a different energy and material sources that do not require all of this excessive mining to take place. If we are able to switch over so an energy source that doesn’t need fossil fuel or toxic minerals to be mined, then the only problem to take care of is the decontamination and the closing and containing of all the zombie mines left all over the world.