One of the most important parts to a successful empire is scientific advancement, and what better way to allow for advancement that to create a capitalistic market. What makes an empire flourish is the collection of people allowing for multiple benefits. A large population creates diversity and collaboration both very different but also essential for growth. The diversity in ideas allowed for cultures to make significant strides in scientific fields, developing multiple advances in technologies etcetera. A capitalist market incentivised scientific discovery and advancements in technology by allowing for the market to grow via investments. A free market allowed for an empires people to invest in science and technology they believe in or support. Scientific progress has held massive political importance since the very beginning; as the old saying goes–knowledge is power–and those who held the ability to curate scientific progress truly held the most power. Even now, the prospect of what nuclear weaponry other nations may hold plays a huge role in our interactions.
Investment itself curated an entirely new concept this being trust in a free market system. Credit provided finances for new technology, and the prospect of innovation truly stimulated society to be curious. While previously societal issues were perceived as impossible to overcome, the early civilizations now found hope in the pure fact that the unknown may hold the answers to a variety of the obstacles they faced. Thus, progress, and the constant thirst for new knowledge, was pivotal in establishing capitalism, as it provided a medium for investment and monetary flow.