The state and market replaced family and community during the Industrial Revolution. Harari first explained that family and community was like a safety net. A person’s family will provide protection, education, health, and shelter. If the family can not provide the services for the individual, the community would step in and help (Harari, p. 356). In this type of society, the state and market had very little power. There were no money transactions. There was no police force. Justice and trading were done by the families in the communities. After the Industrial Revolution, the state and market started to take power from the family and community. In order to do that, Harari said that the market and state “needed the help of a fight column” (p. 359). This column is the individual. For the state and market to get the most power compared to family and community, they catered to the individual. The market and state provide the services that the family and community would provide while giving the individual freedom from others (Harari, p. 359) The state and market eventually got enough power to set regulations on families and communities that prevents them from dealing out justice. All trials are now with the state (Harari, p. 361-362).
In my opinion, historians should be a part of any major decisions. I feel that historians will play the part of the Devil’s advocate or the group that will question everything. The historians will be the ones that will slow down scientific and technological advancements. The historians will be the ones that will ask, “Should we do this?” Historians will be the ones that can possibly see any immediate adverse effects to a fix. Historians will be the group that should help prevent the end of Sapiens.