Governments and religions have every right to fear things such as air pumps and electrical machines. Inventions like these really seemed to disrupt many forces that were already in play. Government and religion were used to controlling people and ideas and with the invention of the air pump, things began to change. People began to think for themselves and question the beliefs and ideas of their authority figures. I think Johnson describes it perfectly on pg. 238, “progress inevitably undermines the institutions and belief systems of the past.” Government and religion founded many of those systems, and slowly, they were beginning to unravel. To move forward meant to change, of which neither government or religion seemed fond of. Johnson describes that in order to progress, we have to consider reinventing everything we knew, or thought we knew. “Embracing change meant embracing the possibility that everything would have to be reinvented.” Pg.238
One blinding example I can think of, and not sure if it’s in the text, is the internet. The internet has revolutionized so many aspects of our daily lives. We now have a vast database of information directly at our fingertips. We can communicate instantaneously and can gain even more knowledge on any topic we so desire. Before the internet, people had to rely on the government for vital information, but that has certainly changed. We have the ability, at least in the U.S., to explore topics that may be directly against government or religious views. This allows us to form our own opinions about certain topics that before may never have been explored.