TEST BLOG POST (Do not respond to this post, this is just an example for you)
Paragraph One: In your own words, restate Yali’s question and explain its significance.
Paragraph Two: Is Yali’s question the type of question that a scientist or engineer would pursue? A historian or social scientist? Why or why not?
Paragraph One: What types of environmental problems does the Bitterroot Valley of Montana currently face? Are these problems historical in nature? Why or why not?
Paragraph Two: Do you think the Bitterroot Valley, in particular, and Montana, in general offer good explanatory models for understanding the world’s environmental issues? Why or why not?
Paragraph One: Douthwaite states that technological fixes are necessary to solve social problems. How would the other two authors critique his argument?
Paragraph Two: Why do technological fixes to social and environmental systems have negative repercussions? Should unintended consequences prevent us from finding technological solutions to our problems?
Harari, Sapiens, pp. 1-159
Paragraph One: Harari argues that the Cognitive and the Agricultural Revolutions form the basis for our modern civilization. What are these revolutions and how did they affect the development of human civilizations?
Paragraph Two: How does Harari explain why homo sapiens became dominant, especially in relation to imagined orders? What do you think about his arguments? What did you find persuasive? What are you skeptical about? That is, why do you think homo sapiens became dominant?
Harari, Sapiens, pp. 245-349
Johnson, The Invention of Air, pp. 1-117
Paragraph One: According to Harari, how are science, empire and capitalism linked? Give an example of how scientific discovery shaped, and was shaped by, political and fiscal interests.
Paragraph Two: For Harari, the idea of “progress” plays a pivotal role in this linkage of science, empire, and capitalism. What do you think about his argument?
Johnson, The Invention of Air, pp. 119-215
PLEASE READ ALL PARTS BELOW!!
In the epigraph (a quote at the very beginning of the book), Joseph Priestly sates: “The English hierarchy (if there be anything unsound in its constitution) has equal reason to tremble at an air pump, or an electrical machine.”
Paragraph One: Why should governments or religions fear air pumps and electrical machines? Explain your response with evidence from the second half of Johnson’s book.
Paragraph Two: Does Johnson’s work shed new light on any current examples of scientific or technological research that also holds social or political consequences?
For Thursday’s class:
Be sure to come to class on Thursday. During class, we will go over the webinar assignment and will determine groups and general topic areas. If you know one or two classmates who you would like to work with, you will have a chance to form your group in class. I suggest talking to those students before Thursday so you are all clear who is in your group. If you don’t have any other students in mind for your group, don’t worry, we will figure out your groups in class as well.
Paragraph One: In “Between the Heavens and the Earth,” Tim LeCain explores how mining engineers developed complex technological systems to meet the challenges of mining in extreme environments. How do technological advances allow underground mining to occur and what are the consequences of these technologies?
Paragraph Two: The readings show that mining is an environmentally damaging process, both during a mine’s operation and long after the mine closes. How should these negative aspects of mining be addressed before, during, and after the mining process? Can mining ever be a safe proposition to humans and the environment? Does it need to be?
Paragraph One: What is LeCain’s argument concerning the three types of technofixes, as described in his two case studies?
Paragraph Two: With the knowledge that mining produces waste, do we need copper and other minerals? If so, what do you think about LeCain’s argument?
Paragraph One: The articles about the IPCC report discuss the ramifications of global warming at 1.5 degrees C and 2.0 degrees C. The IPCC argument is that those temperature changes by 2040 will lead to catastrophic environmental conditions. How can technological fixes address rising temperatures? Can an effective socio-technological fix be employed in this timeframe? How could this be achieved?
Paragraph Two: You’ll often hear from climate contrarians that climate science is still in its infancy, too young to be reliable. Reading historian Michael Reidy’s article and the articles from the IPCC, is that statement even true?
Paragraph One: The International Commission on Stratigraphy is supposed to make a decision on the formal adoption of the Anthropocene epoch to the geologic time scale. If you had a vote on the commission, would you accept or reject adding this new epoch to the geological calendar? And in your opinion, when should it begin (if at all)? Use evidence from the readings of Steffen, Kolbert, and Malm to back up your decision.
Paragraph Two: Dan Kahan argues that peoples’ views on climate change are not based in their inability to understand climate science, but rather in their need to fit in with their social peers. How does this affect our ability to develop solutions to remediate climate change? How did Dr. Cathy Whitlock and her group address this problem when discussing climate change with Montanans? What are your ideas about how to encourage conversations between different peoples about climate change?
Paragraph One: Darwin couldn’t definitively prove evolution though natural selection. But, he did argue that it was correct. In his last chapter, “Recap and Conclusion,” what arguments did Darwin use to convince his readers of evolution through natural selection?
Paragraph Two: What do you think was most convincing and/or least convincing?
Both of the National Geographic articles (Specter and Harris and Darnovsky) suggest that CRISPR technology is both exciting and terrifying.
Paragraph One: Pick ONE example from the readings and discuss its exhilarating and frightening aspects.
Paragraph Two: Should gene editing be done on humans? Why or why not?
Harari, Sapiens, pp. 350-414
Paragraph One: According to Harari, how did the state and the market become the central aspects of human culture?
Paragraph Two: What role do you think historians should play as we consider the future (or end) of homo sapiens?
No blog post for this week. Here are the instructions on how to post your completed webinar.
Because of the video sizes, there can be an issue with publishing your webinar. The videos are too large to submit to WordPress, so here is the way to submit them.
- A gmail account is necessary for this process, so be sure to make sure that the video is in the possession of a group member with gmail.
- Go to youtube.com and make sure you are logged in to your gmail account.
- On the top right, there is an upload icon.
- Click on the icon, and it will bring you to a page that lets you upload your video. Make sure that the privacy is set to “Public.” Select or drag your video file into the box and wait for it to upload (it might take a minute or so).
- Title your video and click “Publish.”
- Copy the url address you are given for your video.
- Log into your WordPress account and go to “Add New” post.
- Give your blog post a title in the “enter title here” bar that matches your webinar title.
- On the right hand side of the post page, be sure to clock “video” as a format.
- Paste the url link into the text box and your video should appear.
- Be sure to click “Week 15: Webinar” for the category.
- “Publish” your webinar.
- Turn in the webinar at www.mountainsandminds.org any time before class on Tuesday, December 4th, by 9 a.m.
Please let me know if you are having any problems uploading your webinar. Good luck!