The pursuit of man often coincides with greed and power. Humankind has always been a species that wants to become the best and greatest that it can possible be. This means a desire for money, fame, and power. For most of the time up to the 1500 the world’s economy was based on trading and stayed a consistent size. But with the advance in metal and cultivation due to science the world’s economy increased drastically. The invention of dynamite was a groundbreaking invention. Created during a time where gunpowder was the only thing strong enough to blast rock away, but it was highly unstable and dangerous to use. Dynamite changed all that but it was not immune from the changes of governmental needs. Governments saw the potential military use in this new substance very early on. A new form of expolive that was safer and stronger than what had been used for centuries. It was shaped by the demands of government and the desire for tits creator to make money off this invention. After all, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for his invention.
Progress, defined by Merriam webster’s dictionary is, “to move forward”, when used as a verb. A civilization cannot progress, prosper, or grow without advances in science, technology, or agriculture. So for Harari to claim that progress played a pivotal role in science, empire, and capitalism is very correct. Only strong empires can survive the years of war or famine. While there are no empires today in the old traditional sense, there is one that is left. The United States of America. We have military alliances and bases on all the continents and can say we are the last true global empire of military might. We also have much to give the world in terms of scientific advances. Some countries have managed to survive hundreds of years of war and conflict like Switzerland. But for the most part for a country, tribe, or civilization to survive they need to have military might and scientific advances to stay up in the same class as the rest of the world.