According to Harari the State and the Market became a central figure in human culture during the time of the Industrial Revolution and the collapse of the nuclear family. He notes that “The Industrial Revolution brought about dozens of major upheavals… the collapse of the family an the local community and their replacement by the state and the market” (355). He clarifies saying that during the Industrial Revolution, it was the first time that the state were a integral part of the daily lives of its citizens. The state was around before the revolution, but the people only needed to pay their taxes, which was explained as protection money, or occasionally send men for times of war. The people only interacted with the state very seldom, and relied heavily on their families in times of need. Later in the book he notes that ” the Industrial Revolution gave the market immense new powers, provided the state with new means of communication and transportation, and placed at the government’s disposal an army of clerks, teachers, policemen and social workers”(358). England was the first country to nationalize time, making it easier to schedule train stops for the working man. The state became more powerful because the influence it had on when people should be doing certain things. Bureaucracy became the norm for countries that went through the Industrial Revolution.
I think historians could play a large role with regards to the future of sapiens, or rather if the sun sets over the time of sapiens. They are able to record the downfall of civilization and keep it to help explain what had happened to society. Or they can be lead the charge for understanding the situation that is at play in present times. They are able to connect the now to the future.