Technological fixes, such as the carbon capture technology, would allow governments to continue using coal (Davenport 2). This technological fix sounds like it contains the emissions of carbon that come with the use of coal, this would certainly address the rising temperatures since the goal is to reduce the output of carbon into the atmosphere. Socio-technological fixes could be enacted, according to Coral Davenport, who is a reputable researcher on the subject, claims that by 2040 the global economy could shift to a sustainable level of emissions and even begin reducing them with technological fixes, but at the cost of 54 trillion dollars (Davenport 1). Hypothetically this could be achieved, however, with the modern political atmosphere it is highly unlikely. This change in the global economy could be achieved as Davenport claims with the creation of a carbon tax everywhere, where “ . . . such a price would have to range from $135 to $5,500 per ton of carbon . . . ” (Davenport 3). Another solution is for greenhouse gasses to be heavily reduced, by nearly 45% by 2030 from 2010 levels, and a sharp incline of renewable sources of energy would need to be created. All in all this is achievable if only in a purely optimistic view, but we will most probably see the latter option of governments recovering by 2100 rather than solve it before 2040.
The statement: “Climate science is still in its infancy, too young to be reliable” might have merit, we have not had a long history of these experiences, But with the rate at which we are observing and feeling the effects of such change, as in species all over the world dying out due to destruction and changes to their habitats, an action must be taken in an attempt to rectify these observed problems.